Adult/general nursing, mental health nursing, learning disability nursing and children’s nursing. Nurses care for physically or mentally ill adults and children and provide support for their families, in hospitals and the community. The job can vary from helping someone learn basic daily tasks to administering life-saving drugs. Midwives help mothers-to-be and their families throughout pregnancy, labour and the first days of a newborn’s life. They work in both hospitals and the community and are trained to ensure each mother gets the care and help she wants or needs.
There are more than 60 different specialties that doctors can work in, including emergency medicine, general practice, psychiatry, radiology, obstetrics and gynaecology, pathology, anaesthetics, paediatrics and surgery, and medical specialties including dermatology, gastroenterology, nuclear medicine, rehabilitation and neurology.
Occupational therapists help children and adults to overcome physical, psychological or social problems arising from illness or disability, by concentrating on what they are able to achieve and enabling them to live as independently as possible. Orthoptists diagnose and treat visual problems involving eye movement and alignment. Physiotherapists help patients regain movement lost through illness, accident or ageing. Podiatrists (or chiropodists) see patients of all ages to diagnose and treat problems of the lower limb. These include verrucas, sports and dance injuries and circulation problems in patients at risk from amputation.
Investigate samples of body tissue and fluids to enable doctors to diagnose and plan patients’ treatment. From cancer screening to blood transfusion and infection control, they are a vital part of the healthcare team. Clinical scientists working in clinical biochemistry analyse specimens of body fluids or tissues and interpret the results. They develop new techniques for doing this and advise clinicians on how to diagnose and treat disease. Those working in microbiology identify bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic infections to help prevent epidemics and help doctors diagnose and treat their patients. They also develop better tests to diagnose infectious diseases.
There are two types of radiographer. Diagnostic radiographers carry out the imaging techniques, such as x-rays, used to help diagnose a range of conditions. Therapeutic radiographers are responsible for radiation treatment for cancer patients, and for their wellbeing during treatment.